Significant elements of telecommunications industry!

Telecommunications is a very vast industry and certainly there are various factors that made the whole ecosystem of the industry. In order to understand the nitty-gritty of telecommunications industry, mentioned below are some of the major elements that play a significant role.

1. Call Rates
W hen you are selecting a mobile phone plan, one of the key factors for selection is most often the call rate. Call rates offer an easy way to compare plans among many carriers. The one offering cheaper call rates generally gets preference over the rest. It seems simple enough. Yet comparing plans on the basis of call rates has many traps and pitfalls for the unwary, as this section will show.

2. Comparing Apples to Oranges
Most call rates are expressed in seconds. Unfortunately no standards exist in the mobile phone industry, so occasionally you will see call rates expressed in cents per minute as well.

3. Plan Upsize
If you own a landline, you will better understand this phenomenon. As part of a nationwide promotion, your carrier slashes international rates substantially over a holiday period. You are very excited. To take full advantage of this opportunity, you call all your friends and relatives because of the cheaper call rates. In the end, a promotion that looked like lost revenue for the carrier and great savings to you has resulted in higher bills for you and higher revenue for the carrier.

4. Per-Second Billing
Carriers differ in the way they charge the last few seconds of your call. If they use per-second billing, then you pay a prorated rate for the last few seconds of your call. However, if they use 30-second billing, then you pay the full call rate even if you used only 1 second of the last 30-second block. Clearly the 30-second billing is undesirable.

5. Roaming Charges
Roaming comes into effect when you are switched over to another carrier’s network in an area where your carrier doesn’t have coverage. When your carrier has limited coverage, you use more of another carrier’s network, or roam.

Generally, roaming rates are much higher than normal call rates. So if you go on a plan based on attractive call rates, but your carrier has limited coverage and you roam most of the time, you will end up paying the higher roaming charges for most of your calls. Therefore it certainly pays to shop around to make sure you pay little or no national roaming charges.

6. Exclusions
Most mobile phone customers look at the call rates with a critical eye, but unfortunately gloss over the exclusions. Therefore it pays to ask the question: When do these call rates apply? Make sure you understand how your call rates apply in these scenarios:

• Some carriers provide cheaper call rates for mobile-to-mobile calls, but higher call rates for mobile-to-landline calls. Do you call landlines or mobiles?

• Some carriers provide cheaper call rates for calls within the same network. For instance, Optus-to-Optus calls will be cheaper than Optus-to-Telstra calls. Sometimes these cheaper rates are allowed only during certain times of the day.

• Some carriers provide cheaper call rates only for a set number of hours or minutes per month or recharge.

• Call rates basically express your call charges for making national calls from your mobile to other mobiles or landlines. International call rates are generally much higher.

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